The Ins And Outs Of RV Recycling
Many campgrounds offer recycling services and allow you to put cans, plastic, paper, cardboard, and even glass in their recycling bins to keep it out of the trash.
That seems great on the surface and makes us feel like we’re doing our part to save the planet, but when you start to dig into the facts surrounding recycling, it makes you wonder if we’re doing enough.
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Maybe the better thing to do is look at what we typically recycle and what we throw in the trash and ask ourselves how much of that material can we eliminate altogether from our lives, or what can we directly recycle.
For example, can we redeem our bottles and cans directly for cash? It’s less about getting $.05 per container than it is about making sure that each used bottle and can is sorted and sent to the appropriate location where it will be reprocessed back into a useful product. Remember the most sustainable behavior is to reduce and reuse, with recycling as the least attractive option.
As you probably have observed, the dumpsters in most RV parks usually fill up and are often overflowing, especially during peak season, before the garbage collector can get back to the park to empty the bins.
Why is there so much trash generated by RVers? Are we thinking, “What the heck, we’re on vacation, our decisions don’t really matter?” Well, yes, they do!
Every decision, big and small has an impact on the waste and recycling problem, even when we’re in our RVs and staying in someone else’s campground. And our decisions are even more important when we’re boondocking.
The problem with recycling
The waste/recycling problem goes much deeper than what we see in our campgrounds and it’s worth taking a deeper dive into the in and outs of all recycling.
Since 2018, the US recycling systems have been upended. Have you ever given a second thought to the stuff you put in a recycling bin? You should, because in reality, much of it is too contaminated to be reused so it goes to a landfill, or gets dumped in the ocean, or is incinerated.
This is a significant problem because the landfills’ off-gas methane and carbon dioxide and much of the plastic in the landfill will not degrade in our lifetime or the lifetimes of the next several generations. Incineration creates toxic, noxious air pollution, and dumping the waste in the ocean is even worse than the other two options since it impacts a wide array of ecosystems and food chains.
Historically, western cultures just sold most of their recycled materials to China. Problem solved!
China’s growing manufacturing sector would reuse some of these materials, but much of it got dumped in the ocean off the coast of China, or it was incinerated there or became part of their landfills. Hundreds of tons of this material ended up right where it would have been in the US, but now we added the pollution and environmental damage of moving this tonnage clear across the planet.
We’re talking about hundreds of container ships, crossing the ocean just to dump our “recycled” waste into the China sea, or into their air or landfill. In my opinion that’s crazy on steroids.
Where do recycled materials go?
In 2018, China banned the import of foreign recycled materials, like cardboard, glass, and plastic. The US quickly switched their exports to other countries like Thailand, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Ghana, Laos, Ethiopia, Kenya, Senega, and Vietnam, but those countries, like China, were quickly overwhelmed with our junk.
They also banned the import of foreign waste and that left the US in a precarious position since we had never developed a viable plan for processing our own recycled materials.
The state and local entities that regulate the garbage and recycling industry were caught unprepared when they were no longer able to export this waste. Historically, they had collected some revenue from the sale of the waste products, which was needed to offset the costs of collection and handling.
Government entities quickly learned that what had previous produced a small revenue stream was now straining their budgets. For example, before China’s import ban in 2018, Bakersfield CA earned $65 per ton for recycled materials.
After the ban, it cost the city $25 per ton to dispose of it. Their budget did not include money to dispose of recycled waste. No city or county was prepared to absorb these extra costs which could be substantial. In Stamford CT (a city of only 130,000 people) the annual cost to dispose of its recycling was $700,000.
After decades of promoting recycling and conditioning the citizenry to separate trash from recyclable materials, urban and rural garbage collectors were forced to terminate their recycling programs.
Unfortunately, they quickly learned that the citizens, who had been so slow and reluctant to get on board with recycling, were now enraged that garbage collectors had terminated recycling programs, and via widespread public protests, demanded that the recycling programs be reinstated. Consequently, local and regional governments were forced to add recycling costs to their already strained budgets, a no-win situation for most, if not all of them.
New recycling policies
Clearly, the US and other developed countries that had relied on making their recycling problem someone else’s problem, had to change and do so quickly. This necessitated many changes. First was a recognition that compostable materials make up a huge segment of all waste and that it is some of the easiest waste to recycle, with few negative environmental side effects.
Therefore, many cities now require all food handling enterprises to separate compostable material from all other waste and place that material in compost collection bins. Other changes have come in the control of air pollution emanating from waste-to-energy incinerators, and a reevaluation of the real cost of landfills.
As long as dumping waste in landfills is the cheapest option then meaningful change will be harder to implement, but most forward-thinking urban and state governments now see landfills as a “waste of waste”. Since China’s 2018 ban, there have been national recycling bills introduced in Congress and 37 states are currently considering over 250 bills to alter and improve waste management.
If we can land a spaceship on Mars and fly a drone over the Martial landscape, I dare say that we can develop meaningful and lasting recycling policies. We just need the will to do so.
Recycling while camping
But what can we, the camping community, do to aid in the solution? First, we need to make small sustainable decisions when it comes to our RV recycling.
The popular mantra, reduce, reuse, and recycle is a good way to help us make better decisions. For example, we need to remember to take our reusable bags to the grocery store so we don’t need the thin plastic bags that almost never get recycled.
Bottled water is another place where we might be able to make a change. Could we use a reusable glass container or traveling mug with tap water instead of bottled water? Most of our RVs come with water filtrations systems, so our tap water might be as pure as bottled water.
Currently, only 21% of plastic bottles are recycled into some other product which means the other 79% ends up in a landfill, in the ocean, or in an incinerator. Plastic can only be recycled a couple of times before the polymers break down, so even if it does get recycled this time it will still become waste in the near future. Glass, on the other hand, can be recycled indefinitely.
Another thing we can do as RVers is think about all the stuff we take with up on a camping trip that may end up in a dumpster. Are the portable shades that frequently get mangled by the wind really necessary? If you do have a portable tent that is damaged beyond repair, could you break it down enough to get it into a recycling bin (preferably back at our home)?
At least the metal will get melted down and reused rather than end up in a landfill. Also, if we bring a new barbecue that we need to assemble in the campground or new lounge chairs that come in boxes, can we break down those large boxes and put them in the recycling container? Or better yet, we could start our next campfire with them, or take them home with us and recycle the cardboard there so the big boxes are not jamming up the waste bins in the park.
These are small personal decisions, but collectively they add up. We can reduce the volume of trash and RV recycling if we think about what we really need to enjoy a camping trip, and try to implement our own personal reduce, reuse, and recycling policies. Waste in the US is a huge problem (about 270 million tons to be more precise) but we can conquer this!
Like I said before, if we can land on Mars, anything is possible. We just need the will to make it happen. We need the will to turn tons of solid waste into something useful every year. Like turning our plastic bottles into plastic decking material.
Think about it. We put water in one-use plastic bottles that won’t degrade for centuries, but we build our porches out of wooden boards that need to be treated every year to keep them from rotting. Let’s put the water in a container that will degrade and build our porches out of materials that will last for centuries. Reduce, reuse, recycle, and refocus. We’re RVers. Let’s lead the way.
Read more about RV recycling
Most of the specific facts for this article came from a Columbia education blog post. Read the full text here.
You can also learn more about finding RV recycling options in this post from Do It Yourself RV.
See also: 5 Myths About RV Composting Toilets